Nervous breakdown là gì

Medically reviewed by Timothy J. Legg, Ph.D., CRNP — Written by Annamarya Scaccia — Updated on July 30, 2020

What is a nervous breakdown?

A nervous or mental breakdown is a term used to describe a period of intense mental distress. During this period, you’re unable to lớn function in your everyday life.Bạn đã xem: Nervous breakdown là gì

This term was once used to lớn refer to a wide variety of mental illnesses, including:

Although “nervous breakdown” is no longer considered a medical term, it’s still used by many to lớn describe:

an inability to lớn cope with life’s challenges

What others see as a mental breakdown can also be an undiagnosed mental illness.

Bạn đang xem: Nervous breakdown là gì

There isn’t one agreed-upon definition for what defines a nervous breakdown. It’s generally viewed as a period when physical và emotional áp lực become intolerable and impair one’s ability khổng lồ function effectively.

What are the symptoms of a nervous breakdown?

You may experience physical, psychological, and behavioral symptoms when going through a breakdown. The signs of a nervous breakdown vary from person to person. The underlying cause can also affect what symptoms you experience.

Since the term is no longer used in the medical community, a nervous breakdown has been described using a wide variety of symptoms. These include:

People experiencing a nervous breakdown may also withdraw from family, friends, & co-workers. Signs of such withdrawal include:

avoiding social functions and engagementseating & sleeping poorlymaintaining poor hygienecalling in siông xã khổng lồ work for days or not showing up to lớn work at allisolating yourself in your trang chính Causes of a nervous breakdown

A person may report having a nervous breakdown when căng thẳng is too much for them lớn bear. That găng can be caused by external influences. Some of those include:

persistent work stressrecent traumatic event, such as a death in the familyserious financial issues, such as going inkhổng lồ foreclosurea major life change, such as a divorcepoor sleep and inability to lớn relaxchronic medical conditions Risk factors that can lead to lớn a nervous breakdown

Some existing factors might increase a person’s likelihood of experiencing a nervous breakdown. These include:

personal history of anxiety disordersfamily history of anxiety disordersrecent injury or illness that makes daily life difficult to manage How lớn manage your symptoms

You can break out of the cycle of psychological or behavioral dicăng thẳng by:

making an appointment with your primary care provider for a complete physical examination to lớn ensure your overall health is not contributing to your symptoms

If you’re feeling overwhelmed and on the verge of a breakdown, consider these strategies for managing your symptoms:

Breathe deeply & count backward from 10 when you’re feeling anxious or stressed. When to see a doctor

A nervous breakdown could be a sign of a mental health disorder. It’s important for you to see your doctor as soon as you notice signs of a breakdown.

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Your doctor can help you treat the physical symptoms. They can also refer you to lớn a psychologist or psychiatrist. These mental health professionals can treat your emotional, mental, & behavioral symptoms.

If you don’t already have a mental health care provider, you can browse doctors in your area through the FindCare tool.

Caregivers should also contact a doctor as soon as possible if they’re worried about a loved one’s behavior or mental state.

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Tips for self-care

Lifestyle modifications can help you prevent a nervous breakdown. They can also help lessen the severity and frequency of them. These include:

going to lớn a therapist or attending counseling sessions khổng lồ manage stressavoiding drugs, alcohol, caffeine, and other substances that create bít tất tay on the bodygetting regular sleep and sleeping for at least six hours a nightreducing your găng cấp độ by pacing yourself, taking mini-breaks, better organizing your environment and daily activities, & keeping a daily to-bởi list

You can make these changes on your own, but it may be more helpful khổng lồ work with your doctor lớn create a treatment plan that best meets your healthcare needs.

Last medically reviewed on August 13, 2019


Medically reviewed by Timothy J. Legg, Ph.D., CRNP — Written by Annamarya Scaccia — Updated on July 30, 2020

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